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"The Arms Control Association’s work is an important resource to legislators and policymakers when contemplating a new policy direction or decision."

– General John Shalikashvili
former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)
 

The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) is the first multilateral framework that seeks to eliminate chemical weapons as a category of weapons of mass destruction. The Preparatory Commission for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) was established in 1997 as the entry-into-force of the CWC in order to lay out standard operating procedures and implement the regime of the CWC. The provisions of the CWC create a transparent regime that can verify the destruction of chemical weapons, prevent the re-emergence in any party, and provide protection against chemical weapons. It also encourages cooperation on the peaceful uses of chemistry.

Opened for Signature: 13 January 1993

Entry into force: 29 April 1997

Official Text: http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/cwc/text

Status and Signatories: http://disarmament.un.org/treaties/t/cwc

ACA Backgrounder: https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/cwcglance