ACA experts are available to provide analysis and commentary on two major events on nuclear weapons policy this week: the release of the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) in Washington and the signing of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) on April 8 in Prague.
U.S. and Russian negotiators have concluded a new strategic arms agreement to replace the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I), which expired in December. Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev are to meet in Prague on April 8 to sign New START. If the Senate and the Russian Duma ratify the treaty, the United States and Russia each will be limited to 1,550 deployed strategic warheads on no more than 800 deployed and non-deployed strategic nuclear delivery vehicles—a steep cut from the levels of START I, which permitted each side 6,000 warheads on 1,600 strategic nuclear delivery vehicles (SNDVs) or launchers. The New START limit on deployed strategic nuclear warheads would be 30 percent below the 2,200 target set by the 2002 Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty. (Continue)
Wrapping up a year of intense negotiations and missed deadlines in which the presidents of Russia and the United States reportedly met or spoke on the telephone 14 times, President Barack Obama announced March 26 at a White House press briefing that “a pivotal new arms control agreement,” the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), was finished and would be signed April 8 in Prague. Flanked by Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Adm. Michael Mullen, Obama said the two countries had just agreed to “the most comprehensive arms control agreement in nearly two decades.”
The conclusion of talks on the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty is a major diplomatic achievement. Yet, the signing of New START is only the first step toward the president's goal of reducing "the number and the role of nuclear weapons" worldwide, writes Daryl G. Kimball in the following editorial in the April issue of Arms Control Today.
U.S. and Russian negotiators, with a push from Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev, have concluded the most important strategic nuclear arms reduction treaty in nearly two decades. The New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), which will be signed in Prague April 8, puts Washington and Moscow back on the path of verifiable reductions of their still-bloated Cold War nuclear arsenals and renewed cooperation on other vital nuclear security priorities.
The treaty would limit each side to no more than 700 deployed strategic nuclear delivery vehicles and 1,550 deployed strategic warheads, which is 30 percent below the existing warhead limit. Just as importantly, New START would replace the 1991 START verification regime, which expired last December, with a more effective and up-to-date system to monitor compliance for the 10-year life of the new pact. (Continue)
After months of negotiations, U.S. President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev have concluded a New START Treaty to replace the highly successful 1991 START Treaty, which expired December 5. ACA has produced a fact sheet to help educate policy-makers and the public about the historical context of this new treaty.
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's visit to Moscow provides a critical opportunity to tie up the few loose ends on the negotiations for the New START treaty between the United States and Russia.
The latest Threat Assessment Brief by Senior Fellow Greg Thielmann reviews the fundamental purposes of arms control verification, the origins and purpose of the detailed verification provisions of the 1991 START, and the implications of adapting New START to the current, post-Cold War security environment.
Despite repeated pledges by their leaders and other top officials to finish “before the end of the year,”
Panelists: Linton Brooks, Steven Pifer, and Daryl Kimball